In Vedic times, for each village there was priest who performed the appropriate rites. There's was a chief priest for the whole of the state under patronage of the ruling king, who, by his own method of internal coordination, set up the entire agricultural policy: when the people of different areas should plant, when they should irrigate the fields, when they should reap the crop. If anyone went against the commandments of the priest, he was called a heretic. In the beginning of the 20th century, from the position of a mere patent clerk, suddenly a similar priest rose to the position of the chief priest in physics who, by his own methods of teaching and conditioning, changed the course of physics, he set up new rules for modern physics: when others should sow seeds, when others should irrigate water and then, at the right time when we should reap the crop. Einstein said: “You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.” Einstein changed rules of the game, he changed the post and played better than anyone else. Einstein said: “There are two ways to live: you can live as if nothing is a miracle; you can live as if everything is a miracle.” Einstein lived as if everything is miracle in physics. In his article EINSTEIN AND MODERN PHYSICS, author N. Martin Gwynne argues that using Simple Hoax and Elaborate Fraud Einstein established his theory of relativity to mislead scientists and brought a dead end to physics. He writes:
“Length shrinks, mass increases, time shrinks, straight lines form circles. Constants, in fact, cease to be constants and nature is now seen not to act in accordance with nature. How is all this done? Where is the fallacy in the equation which allows the mathematics to prove the impossible? How is the conjuring trick achieved? It is done by simple hoax and elaborate fraud. Let us examine both. No apology is needed for describing Einstein’s achievement as a conjuring trick."
With such modus operandi, Einstein became the great priest of the scientific world. At this outset, many questions storm my mind.
To what source we can credit Einstein’s so called outstanding accomplishments? Einstein himself credited his accomplishments not to any kind of knowledge but to his mere artistry and imagination. He acknowledged: “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world”[i]. With this confession, Einstein artistically built heavily on his own imagination or works of other scientists to create a great show of his theory of relativity that the world would encircle around it forever. If Einstein was running the greatest show in physics, what kind of an artist was he? What were his ambitions? How did he appear to his associates and the rest of dumfounded scientists, his devotees and fanatics? What was he like with his wife and other relatives? Why did he enjoy being incest?
The secret of artistry was what Einstein himself said: “The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources.”
Was this a wise piece of advice from Einstein? One guy on Yahoo forum provides a good answer. “I am reminded of a saying sometimes attributed to Pablo Picasso: “Good artists borrow; great artists steal.” If you ask yourself how that can be true, a way presents itself. A great artist can take an idea that was someone else's and make it so fully better and his own that the original idea looks like the cheap copy. I think Einstein's quote may have been in the same light. He's saying that a great person isn't someone who has no sources - who derives everything himself - he's one who makes the sources unimportant. Certainly that was true for his own work... he performed no experiments nor invented new kinds of math. But he didn't need to credit those others because he took those existing ideas and used them in a way nobody had before. Pretty much the very definition of creativity.”[ii]
However, Einstein cannot be blamed for hiding the sources. It is very nature of creativity that secrecy or invisibility naturally enters into the product of creativity because the original elements by combination of which new entity emerges may disappear after the process is over and properties of original elements then can be hardly found in emergent properties of the new entity or product. H2O when gets created by combination of hydrogen and oxygen loses properties of hydrogen and oxygen. Therefore, Lorentz, Poincare and Hilbert were bound to disappear once theory of relativity was created by Albert Einstein. So we cannot argue with Einstein why he didn’t give credit to his sources. Only we are required to develop a wholesome attitude to accept the invisible reality of the theory of relativity. Everything which is great is not totally visible to the eyes of beholder. We cannot argue with god why the Universe, which is HIS creation, is largely invisible. We cannot blame god why HE is hiding his sources. Religious texts, therefore, also recognize the visible and invisible reality of the physical and spiritual world, and emphasize the fact that even the visible Universe is sustained by a reality that is invisible.
Romans 1:20 “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.”
Those who criticize Einstein as being the plagiarist who hid his sources must follow what Corinthians 4:18 suggests: “So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.”
Vedic Rhisis repeatedly chant their mantra that subtle Nature is invisible, they frequently allude to Visnu’s three great strides which clearly shows that no form or category can totally describe God and HIS powers because HIS 3/4th part remains in heaven, Brahmaloka and other subtle places not visible or perceivable by human senses and sense organs. Similarly, God’s power and his three strides can be applied to analyze works of Einstein. Einstein also produced three world shaking works viz. Special theory of relativity, his General theory of relativity and discovery of photoelectric effects that are comparable to three great strides of Lord Visnu that cannot be completely visible and cannot be completely described. We must always look Einstein in the role of God while we attempt to analyze how he created his theory of relativity and also try to understand that 3/4th part of his theory of the relativity remains in heaven (space-time), E=MC2 in Brahmaloka and general relativity rests in aether and other subtle places, not visible or perceivable by human senses and sense organs..
Why was there postulate of constancy of light in creation of theory of relativity by Einstein?
According to holy Bible, creation with all its mystery took seven days. “First there was light”, says Bible. With all its mystery, Special theory of Relativity was also not an overnight creation by the Einstein, and in his role of god he had to put postulate of constancy of light in the theory of relativity. “Every discovery of a physical principle is a piecemeal revelation. In physical domain, any great discovery cannot be properly understood, unless it is considered as a constant process of discovery with some history back in time.” says Deva Ramananda. The physical principles are not revealed so easily and one cannot know “all at once” about them. In the way are errors and delusions. As far as discovery of subtle principle of nature are concerned, the process of cognition is slow and gradual; it may take even centuries for mankind to completely understand some single simple physical principle of nature. Relativity and Perpetual motion, both illustrate this point very well, mankind may take indefinite time to fully understand them. We can present many examples to clarify this point but to save the space-time here, suffice to say that the invisibility of the natural forces makes job of the scientist difficult when they attempt to explore nature for her new physical principles. Einstein was aware of these difficulties which are described by his remark: ‘Subtle is the Lord, but malicious He is not’ (‘Raffiniert ist der Herrgott aber boshaft ist er nicht.’). When asked by a colleague what he actually meant by this statement he answered: ‘Nature hides her secret because of her essential loftiness, but not by means of ruse’ (‘Die Natur verbirgt ihr Geheimnis durch die Erhabenheit ihres Wesens, aber nicht durch List.’)”[iii] The element of ruse and muse cannot be denied in the creation of theory of relativity which is result of hiding his sources cleverly, quaint speculations and Einstein’s muddling with many physical principles of nature simulataneously. Naturally, Einstein was in hurry, he failed to cope up with required time and energy essential to the understanding of single natural force properly and related single physical principle separately. It is not justified to allege Einstein of plagiarism because the subtlety and loftiness with which he created his theory of relativity had to cause invisibleness of the sources on which he relied.
Artistry, imagination, conditioning, plagiarism, mysticism, scientific spirituality, religious emotions, mathematical jargon etc are the essential ingredients of Einstein’s priesthood and his priest-craft. When question of a fit comparison arise, the some of these ingredients can also be discovered in the lives of some perpetual motionists, of course, John Ernst Worrell Keely[iv] is the fit perpetual motionist who is the most notorious figure in the history of perpetual motion.
It is difficult to decide whether Einstein was a mystic or not. Let us try to find out what he himself and other said about his mysticism, and himself being a mystic.
Albert Einstein said:
“The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery every day. Never lose a holy curiosity.”
Like a mystic who has craving to experience the ultimate reality face to face, Einstein once remarked: “The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science.”
In his paper entitled “The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality”, Glenn Statile states: “Einstein rejected the label of being a mystic, although his writings dealing with the relationship between science and religion forge a self-stylized kind of spiritual bond between the two.”[v]
On account of Einstein’s unusual thought processes, Michael Wayne considers Einstein as a mystic, he states: “But Einstein himself was always a mystic. His way of learning and perceiving, as I pointed out earlier, was a nonlinear one. He was a visual thinker, and stated, when asked about how his thought processes worked: “Words and language, whether written or spoken, do not seem to play any part in my thought processes. The psychological entities that serve as building blocks for my thought are certain signs or images, more of less clear, that I can reproduce and recombine at will.”
Moreover, Michael Wayne considers Einstein as master of enlightenment. He states: “When you mix in his creative thinking and original mind with his tendency towards mysticism, you arrive at someone who is enlightened. And the beauty of Einstein’s enlightened mind was that he was able to articulate his vision clearly, for all to understand. You may not be able to comprehend the profundity of his scientific achievements, but there are many other things that Einstein said that are equally as profound.”[vi]
Einstein might have felt a duty to the religion and had desire to compensate for he was son of “irreligious (Jewish) parents”, therefore, he went on being a priest, that is, to experience the most beautiful mysterious in his life, to comprehend a little of this mystery every day, to contemplate the mysteries of eternity, to celebrate and appreciate God in his own manner and to offer in God's name whatever he could discern of God's perspective on the harmonious and deterministic world around him - something which involved mysticism and science, challenge and comfort. Religious sensibility had a great role to play in Einstein’s scientific thinking as it served as a stimulating agent to his scientific imagination without which “science degenerates into empiricism.”[vii]
“The most beautiful emotion we can experience is the mystical. It is the power of all true art and science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead. To know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty, which our dull faculties can comprehend only in primitive form -this knowledge, this feeling, is at the center of true religiousness. In this sense, and in this sense only, I belong to the rank of devout religious men.”[viii]
“The cosmic religious experience is the strongest force and the noblest driving force behind scientific research.”[ix] Einstein said. Therefore, under influence of his “cosmic religious feeling”, Einstein realized a greater role to play in science as the priest of physics. We hardly need to mention that it was his highest dividend that Einstein decided to reap from his cosmic religious attitude. He forced scientist to abandon the classical views of time and space and instead follow his philosophy and cosmic religious attitude.
Glenn Statile states: “For Einstein, there were three dividends to be reaped from the cosmic religious attitude. Such an innate religious sensibility was, he thought, influential upon scientific thinking in the following, not unrelated, ways: 1) As a necessary and general condition for scientific speculation; 2) As a specific component and/or catalyst for individual scientific discoveries or ideas; and 3) As a basis for a priori skepticism in regard to certain scientific commitments. It is interesting to note that several celebrated scientific atheists of our time have been caught lapsing into language that is suggestive of Einstein’s commingling of religiosity with science.”[x]
However, the truth of Einstein’s “Cosmic religious feeling” can be expressed by a simple equation.
Cosmic religious feeling – “S” = Comic religious feeling
Glenn Statile in his paper “The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality” states:
“While Einstein’s so-called cosmic or scientific style of spirituality may appear comical or even pantheistically naïve to someone like a Fulton J. Sheen, whose own highly popular 1950’s religiously oriented television show Life is Worth Living had to compete with the comic sensibility of Milton Berle, it has a number of interesting features which are worthy of our attention. Orthographically speaking, it is true that the words “cosmic” and “comic” differ by only a single letter. But at the risk of being equally glib we might note that Dante has shown us the extent to which a comedy that is cosmic in scope might also be divine. Einstein’s so-called simplistic notion of religion nevertheless comes as part of a full package which includes an understanding of a universe which is thoroughly knowable in principle and fully describable in the language of mathematics.”[xi]
Einstein himself became God on the account of his infinite “cosmic religious feelings”. Naturally, Einstein hated a personal god in a similar way a priest of one religion usually hates other priest of different religion. How a Pundit and Mullah can coexist together, one has to go as they are alien and find naïve to each other in their eyes. Einstein said: “The idea of a personal God is quite alien to me and seems even naïve.”[xii] Like Spinoza, Einstein held that God was both imminent in and coincided with cosmic order.[xiii] Einstein stated: “I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists, not in a God who concerns himself with fates and actions of human beings.”[xiv] He considered god as something ausserpersonlichen or super-personal. Therefore, in science, Einstein supposed, if some theory has to be an all time great hit, it must reflect in its structure some element of unintelligibility and at the same time, it must be super-personal to the scientist who creates it and only be one who understands it.
Why Did Einstein Want To Create A Theory Like Relativity Which Is Neither Verifiable Nor Falsifiable?
Einstein did not believe in a personal god yet he once asked a Catholic priest stationed in New Jersey to procure him with books dealing with the doctrine of the Holy Eucharist. This definitely strikes us as something odd and contradictory because Einstein is considered as superman of science of Jewish background who throughout his life continued to publicly disclaim any belief in the existence of a personal God.
Einstein once remarked: “I am a deeply religious nonbeliever.… This is a somewhat new kind of religion.”[xv] He tried his best to describe himself but he failed, therefore, he had to remark: “I must try, however, as best I can, although I am very conscious of the fact that our feelings and strivings are often contradictory and obscure and that they cannot be expressed in easy and simple formulas.”
Therefore, there is no simple formula to understand the personality of the Einstein and his mystical attitude since his feelings and strivings were often contradictory and obscure. Einstein declined himself to be understood as a mystic. Glenn Statile believes that “Einstein cannot of course be characterized as a mystic in the customary sense of receiving a private revelation from God. His mysticism is constituted by an authentic religious attitude in regard to the intrinsic rationality of nature.”[xvi] However, Einstein was certain that an appreciation of the mysterious is the “fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science.” When the question of emotions arises, it would be a blunder to forget a perpetual motionist who has emotional attachment to his art and perpetual motion machines unsurpassed in the world. The old perpetual motionist did not want to disclose the secrets of his art for the simple reason that once known the wonder and admiration of his art would be lost forever. Similarly, Einstein did not want to disclose his mystical attitude to keep the aura of his priesthood intact. “For Einstein, the mystical source which stimulates scientific speculation is more than a set of a priori principles or theoretical commitments. It somehow involves the overall sense of what it means to recognize that something is true.”[xvii] For Einstein the freedom which scientific inquiry in principle promotes is plagued by his religious emotions and mysticism. The sole dictum of a mystic is that ‘ultimate reality is unknowable and incomprehensible’. Einstein might have thought if his theory of relativity could be known ultimately, it would lose its beauty and attraction and would be devoid of any mysticism. Einstein was already motivated by his cosmic sensibility in many more specific ways. As far as the positive impact of the mystical attitude is concerned, Einstein maintained that it was nonetheless a necessary condition for scientific speculation. Thus, Einstein indirectly also believed that one cannot be a great scientist unless he is a bit of mystic. A priest who has some holy mission in his mind often guides his followers in his own mysterious ways. One cannot be a great priest unless his religious impulses follow an attitude of mystic. Einstein did not believe that the so-called “religious impulses were in any way logically coercive, however, he supposed that a rationally knowable and mathematically ordered universe is neither verifiable nor falsifiable”[xviii]; therefore, he wanted to create such a theory that was neither verifiable nor falsifiable but was indeed true reflection of the nature of universe. Thus, he looked for the postulates that couldn’t be proved or disproved and lo came the theory of relativity!
When I read Einstein I don’t see him as a earnest experimenter in search of concrete facts of nature like a perpetual motionist, but I see him as a philosopher speculating over nature of space, time, energy etc and as a spiritual being immersed in his “Cosmic Religion” which has hardly any philosophical and scientific validity. With a cultic-like aura surrounding physicists, Einstein is seen as the paragons of virtue in the scientific community. His ‘cosmic religion’ pontificates upon matters that have baffled the intellects of the ages. His dogmatic theories are sacrosanct, and never are his motives suspect.
Figure: Einstein’s brain at travail to understand mystery of space-time.
Look at his portraits. He is priesthood, arrayed in black leather coat, his silver hair, more or less, like superstrings moving across all 10 dimensions, his facial curvature and wrinkles witnessing distortion of space-time, his eyes protruding from eye sockets like black holes, and finally he has his mysterious peering through his specs that makes his looks a sophisticated “priest of physics.” Here follows a good theory that can account for his facial curvatures and distortion. It is equally possible that Einstein had been at great travail to receive the truths of space time and its distortion by presence of matter to cause curvatures. Since mind and body are highly correlated, the over all affect of his thinking resulted into facial wrinkles and curvatures on his countenance, the same fact also verify our saying that ‘“you get what you believe”’.
However, above theory soon gets contradicted by the evidence of plagiarism that is supplied by eminent professors and scientists as follows.
“Remarkably, Einstein was not the first to discover the correct form of the law of warpage Recognition for the first discovery must go to Hilbert.”--Prof. Kip Thorne
“No unprejudiced person can deny that, in the absence of direct and incontrovertible proofs establishing his innocence, Einstein must, in view of the circumstantial evidence previously presented, stand convicted before the world as a plagiarist.”--Prof. Arvid Reuterdahl
“Thus, with what is known as the special theory, if we consider as paramount factor not the detail work but the guiding thoughts by which this was inspired, then the father of this special relativity theory was undoubtedly Henri Poincare. In the general theory of relativity the basic thought is that of Mach, viz. the replacement in dynamics of the law of gravitation by a law of motion. But in what Einstein built upon this basis the influence of Poincare is again manifest. And in view of all these facts one does not know at which to be most astounded: the magnanimity of Poincare who was always over-anxious that there should be recognition of the labors of those who reaped where he himself had sown, the apathy of his friends after his death, or the peculiar attitude of Einstein and his coterie, exemplified by Born of Goettingen, who refers to Poincare as one of those who 'collaborated' with Einstein in the development of the relativity theory!”--Robert P. Richardson
“From these facts the conclusion seems inevitable that Einstein cannot be regarded as a scientist of real note. He is not an honest investigator.”--Prof. O. E. Westin
“The appearance of Dr. Silberstein's recent article on 'General Relativity without the Equivalence Hypothesis' encourages me to restate my own views on the subject. I am perhaps entitled to do this as my work on the subject of General Relativity was
published before that of Einstein and Kottler, and appears to have been overlooked by recent writers.” – Harry Bateman
“All this was maintained by Poincare and others long before the time of Einstein, and one does injustice to truth in ascribing the discovery to him.” -- Charles Nordmann “[Einstein's] paper 'Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Koerper' in Annalen der Physik.
. . contains not a single reference to previous literature. It gives you the impression of quite a new venture. But that is, of course, as I have tried to explain, not true.” -- Max Born
“In point of fact, therefore, Poincare was not only the first to enunciate the principle, but he also discovered in Lorentz's work the necessary mathematical formulation of the principle. All this happened before Einstein's paper appeared.” -- G. H. Keswani
“Einstein's explanation is a dimensional disguise for Lorentz's. . . . Thus Einstein's theory is not a denial of, nor an alternative for, that of Lorentz. It is only a duplicate and disguise for it. . . . Einstein continually maintains that the theory of Lorentz is right, only he disagrees with his 'interpretation.' Is it not clear, therefore, that in this, as in other cases, Einstein's theory is merely a disguise for Lorentz's, the apparent disagreement about 'interpretation' being a matter of words only?” -- James Mackaye
“The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources.” -- Albert Einstein
In all ages, priest has remained interested in making astounding revelations that are hard to be understood by anyone. Since, Einstein is also famous for making amazing revelations in physics; there is nothing wrong in calling him as a priest of physics. Besides preaching great doctrines, the task of a priest, in some respects, may be different today, but the principles upon which Einstein built his relativity and his life are of universal application and can serve as source of inspiration to many charlatans. “It wasn't just his revolutionary theories (which many people couldn't really understand); it was Einstein's general persona that appealed to the masses. Einstein's disheveled hair, poorly fitting clothes, doe-like eyes, and witty charm endeared him to the average person. Yes he was a genius, but he was an approachable one”[xix]. By his cosmic mathematical jugglery, he has shown many miracles to the world: how Light can bend, time can slow, space can warp, each of two clocks can run slower than the other, and from intergalactic travel while returning to the earth, one twin can find other twin grown many years older as compared to traveler. How can any rational mind accept his cosmic magic and priest craft? They are implications of strange philosophical, mystical or metaphysical principle that lead to these uncomfortable miraculous results that violate rational notions of physics. We are not averse to metaphysics as a whole, we are averse to metaphysics which is not meaningful and contradicts standard common sense. Some metaphysical doctrine dealing with Shiva linga or some erotic art in Hindu temples if indicates that God is a sodomist, then how anyone can accept such a theory though it may please all sodomists. Lord Haldane, who once stated that “abstract reasoning has no monopoly of the means of access to reality”[xx], published a fascinating book entitled “The Reign of Relativity”, in which he indulged into metaphysical speculations, and managed to discern in the theory of relativity profound meanings regarding man's relationships with God. In his article “Modern Aristotelianism”[xxi] published in 1937 in Nature, Professor Herbert Dingle heavily criticized Einstein’s theory that “came by metaphysics out of mathematics”[xxii]. Dingle also stated that “The theory of relativity appears to be the innocent cause....This was a mistake.”[xxiii] Dingle called it an idolatry “of which ‘The Universe’ is the God...its various forms have this in common, that they transcend observation and cannot be derived by induction from observation alone.”[xxiv] In his 1939 paper entitled “The Relativity of Time”[xxv], Dingle continued his argument that relativity is metaphysical and not based on sound principles of experimental method. Thus, Relativity is largely responsible for bringing “metaphysics to a dominate position in science at the expense of The Art of Experiment”[xxvi]. Over and over again, Dingle pointed out that the theory of relativity demanded that each of two clocks should each run slower than the other, and that this was totally impracticable. It appears that, relativity fanatics were faithful to accept that notion, regardless of fact that no experiment could ever show that result. They debunked Dingle's claims that relativity was an inconsistent theory and therefore hugged the notion that two clocks could indeed both run slower than the other one. There is hardly any need to mention that no devil or angel can ever devise an experiment that would produce such strange result because it is simply a strange ridiculousness that such a physical impossibility should ever occur. Albert Einstein said “Whether or not you can observe a thing depends upon the theory you use. It is the theory which decides what can be observed.” Albert Einstein said: “The world as we have created it is a process of our thinking. It cannot be changed without changing our thinking.” Experiment is not necessary when one can change the world just by thinking differently. Einstein wanted to change the world by mere thought. The extraordinary success of Einstein shows that it is ultimately meaningless to invest time to carry on any physical experiment in science to get a sound result and become a great scientist. All you need is power of a priest to befool the world.
[ii] Einstein: "The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources." Is this a wise piece of advice? Doctor Why, Best Answer - Chosen by Asker
[iii] Abraham Pais, Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein, Oxford University Press, New York, 1982.
[iv] Wikipedia states: “John Ernst Worrell Keely claimed the invention of an induction resonance motion motor. He explained that he used "etheric technology". In 1872, Keely announced that he had discovered a principle for power production based on the vibrations of tuning forks. Scientists investigated his machine which appeared to run on water, though Keely endeavored to avoid this. Shortly after 1872, venture capitalists accused Keely of fraud (they lost nearly five million dollars). Keely's machine, it was discovered after his death, was based on hidden air pressure tubes.”
Following a demonstration in June 1885, Keely stated:
“It is an elaboration of interatomic ether by vibration. The atomic ether vibrates all around the molecules of matter. There is a magnetic force attached to it at the same time, and it assimilates with the molecular atomic aggregations - that is, assimilates with a certain attractive force that it is hard to tell what it is. I call it a vibratory negative. It don't act like a magnet drawing metals toward it. There is a certain magnetic effect about it that causes it to adhere by vibratory rotation to different forms of matter - that is the molecular, atomic, etheric, and ether-etheric. The impulse is given by metallic impulses, the rotary power that is formed by etheric vibration - that is the force that holds it in position.”
—New York Times, 7 June 1885
[v] Glenn Statile, The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality
[vi] Dr. Michael Wayne, The Masters of Enlightenment: Albert Einstein, The Low Density Lifestyle
January 19, 2011
[vii] "I have found no better expression than 'religious' for confidence in the rational nature of reality, insofar as it is accessible to human reason. Whenever this feeling is absent, science degenerates into uninspired empiricism."
Letter to Maurice Solovine, I January 1, 1951; Einstein Archive 21-174, 80-871, published in Letters to Solovine, p. 119.
[viii] Phillip Frank "Einstein: His life and Times" by Phillip Frank
[ix] Albert Einstein : "Religion and Science" published in New York Times Magazine, 1930
[x] GLENN STATILE, Einstein and the Mystery of Science, St. John’s University Jamaica, New York GlennStatile@aol.com
[xi] Glenn Statile, The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality
[xii] Albert Einstein in a letter to Beatrice Frohlich, December 17, 1952; Einstein Archive 59-797; from Alice Calaprice, ed., The Expanded Quotable Einstein, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2000, p. 217.
[xiii] “It seems to me that the idea of a personal God is an anthropological concept which I cannot take seriously. I feel also not able to imagine some will or goal outside the human sphere. My views are near those of Spinoza: admiration for the beauty of and belief in the logical simplicity of the order which we can grasp humbly and only imperfectly. I believe that we have to content ourselves with our imperfect knowledge and understanding and treat values and moral obligations as a purely human problem—the most important of all human problems.” Albert Einstein, 1947; from Banesh Hoffmann, Albert Einstein Creator and Rebel, New York: New American Library, 1972, p. 95.
Albert Einstein, 1947; from Banesh Hoffmann, Albert Einstein Creator and Rebel, New York: New American Library, 1972, p. 95.
[xiv] Albert Einstein, upon being asked if he believed in God by Rabbi Herbert Goldstein of the Institutional Synagogue, New York, April 24, 1921, published in the New York Times, April 25, 1929; from Einstein: The Life and Times, Ronald W. Clark, New York: World Publishing Co., 1971, p. 413; also cited as a telegram to a Jewish newspaper, 1929, Einstein Archive 33-272, from Alice Calaprice, ed., The Expanded Quotable Einstein, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000, p. 204.
[xv] Albert Einstein, in a letter to Hans Muehsam, March 30, 1954; Einstein Archive 38-434; from Alice Calaprice, ed., The Expanded Quotable Einstein, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000, p. 218.
[xvi] Glenn Statile, The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality
[xvii] Glenn Statile, The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality
[xviii] Glenn Statile, The Cosmic and the Comic: Einstein’s Scientific Spirituality
[xix] Einstein - A Biography of Albert Einstein - Part 2
[xx]Lord Haldane, his book entitled The Pathway to Reality, London (1921). 117 Yale University Press (1921).
[xxi] H. Dingle, “Modern Aristotelianism,” Nature, p 784, May 8, 1937.
[xxii] Harry H. Ricker III, LIGHT VELOCITY IS A RATIO, IT CAN NOT BE ABSOLUTE, Correcting Albert Einstein’s Special Theory Of Relativity
[xxv] H. Dingle, “The Relativity of Time,” Nature, V 144, p 888, Nov. 25, 1939.
[xxvi] Harry H. Ricker III, LIGHT VELOCITY IS A RATIO, IT CAN NOT BE ABSOLUTE, Correcting Albert Einstein’s Special Theory Of Relativity